Small Dog Food

What do you consider when it comes time to  conjure up food for your small dog?  Will I buy something or do I need to prepare it myself? OK.  What will I look for in the food line – Dry Food as in Biscuits and nuts or wet diet -tin food with supplements, or is a raw or home-made diet the best?  Now I could have been suitably confused, especially as I tried to read what  the food was comprised of, but .. I went and did my own research!.

Food is such an important part of a small  dogs life, especially when you remember that Puppies and adult dogs have different  dietary needs, as do senior dogs .
All dogs need a nutritious  balanced diet.

Looking for the Right Food.

This cannot be more keenly stressed.

Protein: – Necessary for the healthy growth of Puppy –  should be derived from the:-  muscle meat of animals; poultry and fish. These are the ideal sources of protein.   By product protein is not an option for Puppies – they are not able to digest this form of protein as well, plus it frequently has no known  benefits, apart from being a “filler”

Carbohydrates: – provide the energy to give you Pet life and the will to enjoy and share with you, Carbohydrates  are divided into 2 main types – (1) Simple Sugar carbs, and (2) the Complex Starch  (&Fibre)  carbohydrates.
              Simple Carbs:   are found in refined sugars, (like sweets /cakes) but are also in milk and fruit. Milk and fruit are the better option as they also contain some important nutrients,  vitamins,  and fibre.
.                Complex Carbs:   also called Starch, include unrefined whole grain such as  rice and pasta. Unlike refined grains such as white flour and white rice, which have been processed and  much of the goodness removed, unprocessed grain contain vitamins and minerals  necessary for a balanced diet. Natural grain content also provides the diet/body with the very important fibre, which helps maintain the digestive system.

Fats:- Concentrated form of energy – that give your dog more than twice the amount of energy as do proteins and carbohydrates.  The fats added to dog food are easily digested and are part of the reason that dog food tastes and smells so good – to the dog anyway!
Fats not only help provide energy, but they also are important for the healthy development and function of all tissue, muscle, nervous system and cellular building.  These fats and oils help give structure to dog food,  are burnt up by the body, before protein and carbs, and help the body absorb fat soluble vitamins.  They also help keep the fur coats shiny and healthy Fats – importantly, are a component of a hormone like substance, which among other body functions, helps heal and reduce any inflammation.

Minerals and Vitamins:-  These can be found in all the food  to a varying degree, but generally speaking, should be adequate. Puppies though, need calcium for the formation of healthy bones, teeth,  nails and coat.  Yoghurt and cottage cheese are source  of calcium – Yoghurt can be  poured over dry dog food, and cheese can be served in the meal or as a treat.  The final must is

Water:-  Essential for regulating body temperature, eliminating waste product from the body, assisting in absorption of food and preventing dehydration.


Sheer Bliss. Satisfied!

 PUPPY FOOD senior-dog

Small Breed Puppies are weaned around 8 weeks, then it is up to the pet owner to step up!    Very young puppies, once weaned, will need between 3 to 4 meals a day. As they age -for small dogs – at about 6 months you will be reducing the number of daily meals down to twice daily.
Be consistent with your feeding time and routine, keeping the same daily plan.   Consider scheduled feeding times rather than an ad lib approach.  Scheduling allows you to monitor the amount of food puppy is eating, his eating habits,  plus having better control over house training regime.
Check feeding instructions on food package for guide of daily allowance, divide this amount by the number of meals puppy will have each day. Allow a reasonable time,  about 20 minutes for the feeding session, remove  the food bowl. Make sure that the water bowl is filled with fresh water & available at all times.
When Puppy has reached about 80% of expected adult weight and size, he can be gradually weaned off puppy food to adult dog food. This can happen from about 9 months old. If you do not change Puppy on to adult dog food could lead to an overweight or obese dog!

The Adult and the Aging Dog:   As your dog ages, his                     senior-dog                                                         requirements of nutrition can alter with the years, when they          will need less of one ingredient and more of another, but the         secret for me is to be observant of the changes that age brings.      An adult dog will have reached all his milestones, but still               needs age essential nutrients to be sure of optimal health levels      at all times. These include  supplements such as omega oil for         overall body beauty and health; anti oxidants to boost the             immune system and continued protein, carbohydrate and fat        diet input to manage overall healthy living.


My Maltese Dogs

My Maltese Dogs

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Recommend Article Article Comments Print ArticleShare this article on RedditShare this article on PinterestExpert Author Verna M HouleAs a responsible pet owner of two Maltese dogs, I decided to do a little research about this breed. I have had several pets over the years but never really researched any information about them, including the description, care, health, temperament, etc.

Description: Maltese, a small breed of dog in the Toy Group. It descends from dogs originating in the Central Mediterranean Area around Malta.
Hypoallergenic: Yes
Life span: 12 – 15 years
Higher classification: Dog
Temperament: Lively, Playful, Easygoing, Gentle, Docile, More
Height: Male: 8-10 inches (21-25 cm), Female: 8-9 inches (20-23 cm)
Weight: Male: 6.6-8.8 lbs (3-4 kg), Female: 6.6-8.8 lbs (3-4 kg)

The Maltese are great companion dogs for adults and the elderly who live in apartments or town homes. There is little to no shedding. They are lively, playful, and cuddly.

Fragile: Small dogs, such as the Maltese, are quite fragile. Because of their petite size, they can easily be hurt or worse, simply by stepping or sitting on them accidentally. They can also hurt themselves by jumping off furniture or other items in your home. Big dogs can also be dangerous around small dogs. This is why it is not good to have small dogs around small children.

Health: One thing I have noticed about my Maltese, Max, is the tear staining around his eyes. Dark staining in the hair around the eyes, “tear staining”, can be a problem in this breed. I have asked various pet stores if there is a product to treat this problem. So far, I have been unsuccessful in finding something that works. One article recommended using a fine-toothed metal pet comb, moistened with hot water and applied twice weekly may work. Some Veterinarians suggest the use of an antibiotic Cephalexin which has been shown to completely clear up “tear staining” in some cases. I am going to try using the fine tooth comb method first and if that doesn’t work, I’ll ask my Veterinarian about the use of the antibiotic, Cephalexin.

Care: Maltese have no undercoat, and have little to no shedding if cared for properly. This means daily brushing and cleaning of their eyes. Unless your Maltese is a show dog(s), it is best to keep their coats relatively short for an easier grooming procedure. Grooming your Maltese every day not only keeps them looking and feeling great, but also strengthens the bond between you and your dog(s). Because the Maltese have no undercoat, they are prone to being sunburned. Be sure to keep constant supervision and surveillance on your pet at all times. Do not leave them in the sun for a very long time and never, ever keep them in a car with windows rolled up on a warm day.

Exercise: Maltese are spunky, lively little dogs. My dog Max is a full bred Maltese. His sister, Sugar Baby, is a Maltese/Terrier mix. I get so much enjoyment watching them play in the house. They run around and love to play tug of war with any object they can find. Even though they play a lot in the house, they still need to be taken for daily walks to help keep their bodies strong and muscle toned. The walks also helps to manage their weight. I have Sugar Baby on a Veterinarian recommended weight management program since she is prone to gaining weight. Max, on the other hand, is too busy to eat. He likes to nibble an only eats a few chunks of dry dog food at a time.

Owning a toy breed means constant supervision and surveillance of what’s going on around your tiny dog. Maltese must always be kept on-leash – they are just too easy to injure when not under your complete control. That is why I became interested in selling In-Home Pet Gates. My website offers many styles and categories of various pet gates for both large and small pets. I strive to please both the pet and pet owner by providing excellent customer service and high quality products to ensure you receive the perfect Pet Gate for your treasured pet.

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Introducing Children to Dogs -Hints

Introducing Children and Dogs.

The incidence of dogs attacking children is great enough to be a cause for fear for parents and care givers, where ever dogs are present.

The “British Express News”, May 28th 2015, headlines read ” Dog Attacks Land More than 1000 British children in Hospital each year”  It  further reported that “…with children under 9 years being the largest group of dog attack victims”

The safety between children and dogs is a major concern, so great, that we need to recognise the fact that all children should be taught  the basics regarding  approaching dogs.

It is accepted that dog owners have a responsibility to make sure that their animals are trained properly, and able to cohabitate with all others.

  • Friendship between Boy and his Best Freind.

    Established bond between Boy and Dog

    Regardless of the dog training, the training of children is paramount to ensure that as much as possible they learn the basics of interacting with dogs. This applies whether there are dogs within the family home or not.

Here are some simple Tips that I have listed, to assist parents and care givers .

If you are aware of a dogs body language, be prepared to  make use of this knowledge, therefore be able  to anticipate and be prepared for a dogs response to an encounter.

Approach  When approaching a dog, always ask the dog owner if you and your child may approach the dog. If the owner declines, be gracious and move away. The dog may be anxious or  fearful of strangers.

  • Teach children to approach dogs in a quiet unrushed way, holding their hand out with palm downwards. Dog can sniff the back of hand and both child and dog can settle.
  • No running, shouting – may alarm dog


  • always encourage children to be gentle in their movements and voice. Loud noise and quick movement can agitate a dog
  • Do not move in to cuddle a dog until the dog gives some indication that he is comfortable in the situation. Rather, err on the side of caution and eventually pat a dog instead.


  • Being fearful can belong to either party. Don’t insist that one or the other make the move to friendship until there is a totally relaxed acceptance by both dog and child
  • Teach children to respect all dogs and other pets as well. Respect – to acknowledge that dogs etc, have a place in our lives too.

Children Running Away:

  • NEVER run away from a dog. Running away can trigger the “Hunter/Prey” response which is natural in dogs, and may have totally unexpected and unwanted results!

 Lone Roaming Dog – No Owners in Sight:

  • Avoid any dogs that are without a leash and owner – a dog on its own!
  • Don’t approach- note the demeanor of the dog -its stance -whether it looks or is behaving in an aggressive manner. If you feel threatened/uncomfortable, remain still. Ask anyone with you to also be still and quiet. If you feel confident, instruct the dog in a steady firm voice to  “Sit or Stay or Go Home!”. DO NOT ATTEMPT any further contact, including eye contact.  Dogs feel threatened when eye contact is made and maintained. Very quietly back away from the dog. If the dog snaps, snarls or advances, remain still. Put hands behind back, simply to remove a perceived threat by the dog, continue to avoid eye contact.
  • Drop to ground in a crouching position with face and front of body to the ground, Cover face with hands and shout for help.


  • Never get between a dog and his food. Dogs are inclined to be aggressive if their food supply is interfered with.

Finally, the most important piece of information is:

Our Freindship

Our Freindship





About Dog Food

About Dog Food.

For so long, Pet owners, Dogs in particular, had visions of a plump chicken, chioce cuts of red meats, the best fresh vegies, and fresh nutritious implanted on our minds. <br>The healthy dog image and an array of healthy products displayed on the face of the product, gives the consumer the impression of the contents! NOT SO!
The Pet Food industry is an extention of the Human Food industry – the Agriculture industry. This provides an outlet for  Slaughterhouse Waste and Grains, to be used to produce the pet foods.
Slaughterhouse Waste is commonly known as by-products, and the Grains are often already pre processed – oil and starch removed – only husks remain; or are deemed Unfit for human consumption. By- products (or waste), include “other parts” from meat, poultry and fish. This use is acknowledged by The Pet Food Institute, as an important source of income to American farmers and processors .
Four of the five main Pet Food producers in the US are subsidaries of major multinationals; which means that the multi nationals have a ready market for their waste products, while the Pet Food arms have a ready access to a store of various products, from which to make their Pet Food.
Although there are hundreds of pet foods offered, many are just about the same as each other, using the same methods and ingredients for production. Having said this, I acknowledge that not all Pet food companies deal in such a substandard way, nor use ingredients that are potentially dangerous.

Many of the by-products that are used to provide the “protein” of pet food, can be considered indigestable, and are a questionable source of any form of nutrition.

Professors from the Dept of Molecular Biosciences, University of California’s Veterinary School of Medicine, have claimed the inadequacy of the nutrients provided, with this statement :-                      “There is virtually no information on the bio availability of nutrients for companion animals in many of the common dietary ingredients used in pet foods. These ingredients are generally by-products of the meat, poultry and fishing industries, with the potential for a wide variation in nutrient composition. Claims of nutritional adequacy of pet foods based on the current Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient allowances (‘profiles’) do not give assurances of nutritional adequacy and will not until ingredients are analyzed and bio-availability values are incorporated”

An important factor to be considered is that the cooking and rendering methods that manufacturers use, is inadequate to destroy many of the hormones used in the fattening of livestock, or medications used to euthanize dogs and cats, whose bodies are claimed to be also used in this way.
Some veterinarians have claimed that feeding slaughterhouse wastes to animals increases their chances of getting degenerative diseases and cancer as they age.


Family pets are something most of us take for granted – we have grown up with these critters under foot, around the family walks and holidays, in fact they are part of the family.
Now that you have your own home, it is time to consider a pet as part of the family. Children have seen animals they want to take home and cuddle, the adults have started to look at the dogs around and remember their own joy and pleasure as children in an animal or bird or even fish, to compliment the family.
A Labradors for instance were bred as working hunters to sniffer dogs to guide dogs, whereas the Jack Russell terrier was used to hunt small game.
Today we have a large variety of small dogs that have been bred for hunting and retrieving but are now considered to some extent, as the lap dogs. Small dogs range from the tiny “teacup” dogs to the small breeds that are no more than10 kg.
Small dogs have as many different temperaments and characteristics as there are different breeds available . While they may seem cute and docile, an ideal choice for the family, ….STOP! Don’t make a choice until you have considered some very basic hints.
• Dogs take up a lot of time, energy and resources. Obviously the bigger dogs are more expensive in all these requirements.
• Research the breeds that you are interested in. Choose a breed that will fit in with your life style, the space you have to house a dog, time to devote to exercise, training and playing with your pet.
• Consider the characteristics of the dog, especially if there is a person with any allergies. Will an animal that sheds hair cause a problem? Coat and skin care is important.
• Training is important and labor intensive. will this cause a problem? Perhaps it may better to consider adopting an older dog that has already trained.
• Puppies are like children and need to be treated the same. Keep all medicines and dangerous equipment under lock and key, away from inquisitive and enquiring minds, fingers and mouths.
• Leave an assortment of safe toys about for your small dog to chew on and toss about.
• Health care is very important, Vaccinations and check ups must be maintained for a healthy happy pet. get diet advice from your vet or kennel club or the SPCA in your neighborhood.
• Security when out in public is crucial. Secure collar, firm harness and correct weight leash necessary for exercising and training, ensures less chance of slipping the collar or harness.
• Unless you intend breeding, it may be pertinent to have your dog neutured or speyed. Microchipping is a good investment as well. If your dog should wander away, or even be “dog napped” you will have more chance of recovering him/her.

Now, armed with a will to add to your family, go find your new friend, companion and confidante. Enjoy each other, and appreciate the commitment you will make to one another. Dogs take up a lot of time, energy